Wednesday, 5 May 2010

France adopts law allowing return of Toi Moko

From The New Zealanders Illustrated - George Angas - 1847- this image sourced form Te Ara, here.
Auckland City Library digitsiation of The New Zealanders Illustrated - here

Tukuna mai he kapunga oneone ki a au hei tangi
Send me a handful of soil so I may weep over it
reference
Toi moko
The vexed issue of when, or under what conditions, a national or universal museum can or should  return artifacts to their origin, comes into fore this morning with the news that the French Parliament has approved the return of more than a dozen toi moko, or preserved Maori heads, to New Zealand.

The story goes back to 2007 when the Rouen Natural History Museum decided to repatriate a head in its collection. It was blocked by the French Ministry of Culture, and it has taken until now to get the legislative framework and the cross party support to create a national policy which will allow all toi moko in French collections to be repatriated.

Note - repatriated does not necessarily mean reunited with the subjects whanau [family]. Given the complex histories of war, conquest, and subsequent trading practices, there are huge issues within Maoridom here in New Zealand around identifying the point of origin of a toi moko, and who in turn has the responsibility of looking after the head, and accepting it for burial.

In recent times, Museums are the last candidates for any long term care and custodianship of toi moko.  Indeed in many instances local Maori groups - especially hapu [sub-tribe] consider any storage of human remains not just an insensitivity; it creates a condition whereby people won't go to the Museum because it is seen as a cemetery, and the human remains, and by extension the whole building, tapu. 

That said, many New Zealand museums have very sensitive protocols around handling human remains, including policies which actively seek repatriation and de-accession.  See for example, Auckland Museum, here.

Moreover, in regard to toi moko in particular, Te Papa, the NZ National Museum, act as negotiators and conduits to the eventual homecoming and burial of toi moko. See here for more on this from Te Papa.

So, one more step in the long chain of discourse and practicalities around a topic which can only be approached with respect.

Source 
As a measure of the importance of this issue here in New Zealand this morning, Te Papa, [Museum of New Zealand - Te Papa Tongarewa] acting chief executive Michelle Hippolite spoke on Radio NZ National Morning Report
Download: Ogg Vorbis   MP3

3 comments:

Hugo said...

Fantastic!

Annisa Putri said...

Having an Endorsement to reveal to you have finished an expert course will likewise add to your believability as a qualified agen obat kuat, agen pembesar cobra oil, agen vimax canada asli, agen vacum pembesar penis, agen vacum pembesar payudara, agen obat gemuk badan, agen obat sipilis herbal, agen vimax oil canada, agen minyak lintah papua asli, agen kondom duri silikon, agen boneka full body elektrik, obat pembesar penis, obat pembesar penis vigrx plus, obat perangsang wanita, obat pembesar payudara, agen obat vmenplus asli, distributor obat vmenplus indonesia, obat pembesar vmenplus asli, agen obat vmenplus jakarta, importir obat vmenplus german, pusat obat vmenplus original, kapsul vimax canada, vimax asli, vimax canada asli, obat pembesar vimax, obat vimax canada, vacum pembesar penis, vacum pembesar alat vital, alat pembesar penis, vacum pembesar payudara, and alat pembesar payudara professional with clients. Preparing is additionally basic for reasons of security and the fate of your business.

Annisa Putri said...

Inability to embrace a fitting instructional class is unsafe to you and to your clients. Aside from the conspicuous threat of leaving a client with a nail trim that will deteriorate inside a couple of days, there is the far more serious peril that you may cause frightful Save Indonesia, also jasa tweet, info cipto junaedy, jasa review, blog cipto junaedy, internet marketing, panduan seo newbie, sensualitas pria wanita, resep masakan, mitra seo info, buku cipto junaedy, cipto junaedy ebook, cipto junaedy seminar, pakar seo murah, bapak cipto junaedy, jasa review murah, and mitra seo blog review revolting (and conceivably perpetual) harm to a client's characteristic nails. All you are liable to acquire that way is an awful notoriety and a claim.